Section 3: Overview and Exam Framework
TX PACT: Mathematics: Grades 7–12 (735)
Exam Overview
Exam Name  TX PACT: Mathematics: Grades 7–12 

Exam Code  735 
Time  5 hours total appointment time

Number of Questions  125 selectedresponse questions 
Format  Computeradministered test (CAT) 
The TX PACT: Mathematics: Grades 7–12 (735) exam is designed to assess whether a test taker has demonstrated the requisite knowledge and skills for admission to an educator preparation program. The 125 selectedresponse questions are based on the Mathematics: Grades 7–12 exam framework. Questions on this exam range from grades 7–12. Your final scaled score will be based only on scored questions.
Domains and Competencies
Domain  Domain Title  Approx. Percentage of Exam 

I  Mathematical Processes and Number Sense  19% 
II  Patterns, Algebra, and Functions  24% 
III  Measurement and Geometry  19% 
IV  Trigonometry and Calculus  19% 
V  Statistics, Probability, and Discrete Mathematics  19% 
Pie chart of approximate test weighting outlined in the table above.
The content covered by this exam is organized into broad areas of content called domains. Each domain covers one or more of the standards for this field. Within each domain, the content is further defined by a set of competencies. Each competency is composed of two major parts:
 The competency statement, which broadly defines what an individual should know and be able to do in order to perform effectively in a Texasapproved educator preparation program.
 The descriptive statements, which describe in greater detail the knowledge and skills eligible for testing.
Domain I—Mathematical Processes and Number Sense
Competency 001—Understand mathematical problem solving.
For example:
 Identify an appropriate problemsolving strategy for a particular problem.
 Analyze the use of estimation in a variety of situations (e.g., rounding, area, plausibility).
 Solve mathematical and realworld problems involving integers, fractions, decimals, and percents.
 Solve mathematical and realworld problems involving ratios, proportions, and average rates of change.
Competency 002—Understand mathematical communication, connections, and reasoning.
For example:
 Translate between representations (e.g., graphic, verbal, symbolic).
 Recognize connections between mathematical concepts.
 Analyze inductive and deductive reasoning.
 Apply principles of logic to solve problems.
 Demonstrate knowledge of the historical development of major mathematical concepts, including contributions from diverse cultures.
Competency 003—Understand number theory.
For example:
 Analyze the group structure of the real numbers.
 Use complex numbers and their operations.
 Analyze the properties of numbers and operations.
 Apply the principles of basic number theory (e.g., prime factorization, greatest common factor, least common multiple).
Domain II—Patterns, Algebra, and Functions
Competency 004—Understand relations and functions.
For example:
 Demonstrate knowledge of relations and functions and their applications.
 Perform operations with functions, including compositions and inverses.
 Analyze characteristics of functions.
 Interpret different representations of functions.
Competency 005—Understand linear, quadratic, and higherorder polynomial functions.
For example:
 Analyze the relationship between a linear, quadratic, or higherorder polynomial function and its graph.
 Solve linear and quadratic equations and inequalities using a variety of methods.
 Solve systems of linear equations or inequalities using a variety of methods.
 Solve higherorder polynomial equations and inequalities in one and two variables.
 Analyze the characteristics of linear, quadratic, and higherorder polynomial equations.
 Analyze realworld problems involving linear, quadratic, and higherorder polynomial functions.
Competency 006—Understand exponential and logarithmic functions.
For example:
 Apply the laws of exponents and logarithms.
 Analyze the relationship between exponential and logarithmic functions.
 Analyze exponential and logarithmic functions and their graphs.
 Analyze realworld problems involving exponential and logarithmic functions.
Competency 007—Understand rational, radical, absolute value, and piecewise defined functions.
For example:
 Manipulate rational, radical, and absolute value expressions, equations, and inequalities.
 Analyze the relationship between a rational, radical, absolute value, or piecewise defined function and its graph.
 Analyze rational, radical, absolute value, and piecewise defined functions in terms of domain, range, and asymptotes.
 Analyze realworld problems involving rational, radical, absolute value, and piecewise defined functions.
Domain III—Measurement and Geometry
Competency 008—Understand measurement principles and procedures.
For example:
 Analyze the use of various units and unit conversions within the customary and metric systems.
 Apply the concepts of similarity, scale factors, and proportional reasoning to solve measurement problems.
 Analyze precision, error, and rounding in measurements and computed quantities.
 Apply the concepts of perimeter, circumference, area, surface area, and volume to solve realworld problems.
Competency 009—Understand Euclidean geometry in two and three dimensions.
For example:
 Demonstrate knowledge of axiomatic systems and of the axioms of nonEuclidean geometries.
 Use the properties of polygons and circles to solve problems.
 Apply the Pythagorean theorem and its converse.
 Analyze formal and informal geometric proofs, including the use of similarity and congruence.
 Use nets and cross sections to analyze threedimensional figures.
Competency 010—Understand coordinate and transformational geometry.
For example:
 Analyze two and threedimensional figures using coordinate systems.
 Apply concepts of distance, midpoint, and slope to classify figures and solve problems in the coordinate plane.
 Analyze conic sections.
 Determine the effects of geometric transformations on the graph of a function or relation.
 Analyze transformations and symmetries of figures in the coordinate plane.
Domain IV—Trigonometry and Calculus
Competency 011—Understand trigonometric functions.
For example:
 Apply trigonometric functions to solve problems involving distance and angles.
 Apply trigonometric functions to solve problems involving the unit circle.
 Manipulate trigonometric expressions and equations using techniques such as trigonometric identities.
 Analyze the relationship between a trigonometric function and its graph.
 Use trigonometric functions to model periodic relationships.
Competency 012—Understand differential calculus.
For example:
 Evaluate limits.
 Demonstrate knowledge of continuity.
 Analyze the derivative as the slope of a tangent line and as the limit of the difference quotient.
 Calculate the derivatives of functions (e.g., polynomial, exponential, logarithmic).
 Apply differentiation to analyze the graphs of functions.
 Apply differentiation to solve realworld problems involving rates of change and optimization.
Competency 013—Understand integral calculus.
For example:
 Analyze the integral as the area under a curve and as the limit of the Riemann sum.
 Calculate the integrals of functions (e.g., polynomial, exponential, logarithmic).
 Apply integration to analyze the graphs of functions.
 Apply integration to solve realworld problems.
Domain V—Statistics, Probability, and Discrete Mathematics
Competency 014—Understand principles and techniques of statistics.
For example:
 Use appropriate formats for organizing and displaying data.
 Analyze data in a variety of representations.
 Analyze the use of measures of central tendency and variability.
 Analyze the effects of bias and sampling techniques.
Competency 015—Understand principles and techniques of probability.
For example:
 Determine probabilities of simple and compound events and conditional probabilities.
 Use counting principles to calculate probabilities.
 Use a variety of graphical representations to calculate probabilities.
 Select simulations that model realworld events.
 Analyze uniform, binomial, and normal probability distributions.
Competency 016—Understand principles of discrete mathematics.
For example:
 Apply concepts of permutations and combinations to solve problems.
 Analyze sequences and series including limits and recursive definitions.
 Perform operations on matrices and vectors.
 Apply set theory to solve problems.
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